Sivitz AB, Cohen SG, Tejani C. Evaluation of Acute Appendicitis by Pediatric Emergency Physician Sonography. Ann Emerg Med. 2014;64(4):358-364.e4. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2014.03.028.
We investigate the accuracy of pediatric emergency physician sonography for acute appendicitis in children.
We prospectively enrolled children requiring surgical or radiology consultation for suspected acute appendicitis at an urban pediatric emergency department. Pediatric emergency physicians performed focused right lower-quadrant sonography after didactics and hands-on training with a structured scanning algorithm, including the graded-compression technique. We compared their sonographic interpretations with clinical and radiologic findings, as well as clinical outcomes as defined by follow-up or pathologic findings.
Thirteen pediatric emergency medicine sonographers performed 264 ultrasonographic studies, including 85 (32%) in children with pathology-verified appendicitis. Bedside sonography had a sensitivity of 85% (95% confidence interval [CI] 75% to 95%), specificity of 93% (95% CI 85% to 100%), positive likelihood ratio of 11.7 (95% CI 6.9 to 20), and negative likelihood ratio of 0.17 (95% CI 0.1 to 0.28).
With focused ultrasonographic training, pediatric emergency physicians can diagnose acute appendicitis with substantial accuracy.
To read the article, visit the Annals of Emergency Medicine website.
SonoSim Keywords: Point-of-Care Ultrasound, Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Appendix, Fellowship, Radiology