SonoSim is proud to launch the most comprehensive online ultrasound training curriculum ever released to help hospitals and nursing programs deliver high quality, standardized education. 

Comprehensive Nursing Training Curriculum Now Available

Ultrasound Simulator for OB-GYN Package

SonoSim is launching over 36 hours of comprehensive nurse ultrasound training specifically designed to provide the foundational knowledge and skills necessary to successfully integrate ultrasound applications into clinical practice.

The standardized curriculum is organized into 12 SonoSim Modules including 95 SonoSimulator® hands-on training cases across a variety of essential topics, such as bladder ultrasound and ultrasound-guided peripheral venous cannulation.

Each SonoSim Module consists of didactic lessons, knowledge assessments, and SonoSimulator® hands-on training cases using real-patient data.

Module Outlines

Fundamentals of Ultrasound: Core Clinical Module

Fundamentals of Ultrasound: Core Clinical Module

  • Lesson: Introduction
    • Disclosure to Learners
    • Introduction to Fundamentals of Ultrasound
    • Fundamentals of Ultrasound
    • Ultrasound Instrumentation & Image Acquisition
  • Lesson: Basic Ultrasound Physics
    • Sound Wave Characteristics
    • Pulsed- & Continuous-Wave Signals
    • Ultrasound Wave Transmission
    • Echogenicity
    • Ultrasound Coupling Agents
    • Ultrasound Contrast Agents
  • Lesson: Transducer Basics
    • Transducer Frequency
    • Convex Array
    • Linear Phased-Array
    • Linear Sequential-Array
  • Lesson: Imaging Conventions
    • Transducer Indicator
    • Sagittal View
    • Transverse View
    • Coronal View
    • Imaging Axes
    • Confirming Transducer Orientation
    • Procedure Preparation
    • Ergonomic Considerations
  • Lesson: Imaging Artifacts
    • Imaging Artifacts
    • High Attenuation (Clean Shadowing)
    • Low Attenuation (Increased Through-Transmission)
    • Gas Scatter (Dirty Shadowing)
    • Refraction
    • Edge Artifact (Lateral Cystic Shadowing)
    • Reverberation (Multople Equidistantly Spaced Reflections)
    • Comet-Tail & Ring-Down Artifacts
    • Speckle
    • Mirror Image
    • Beam-Width Artifact
    • Side- & Grating-Lobe Artifacts
    • Speed Displacement
    • Doppler Ultrasound
    • Signal Aliasing
    • Color Doppler Aliasing
    • Color Doppler Artifacts
  • Lesson: Imaging Modes
    • 2D- or B-Mode
    • M-Mode
    • Color-Flow Doppler
    • Power-Flow Doppler
    • Pulsed-Wave Doppler
  • Lesson: Doppler Mode Imaging
    • Doppler Effect
    • Doppler Shift
    • Doppler Equation
    • Intercept Angle
    • Doppler Instruments
    • Color Doppler
    • Color Doppler Physics
    • Color Doppler Imaging
    • Color Doppler and Power-Flow Doppler Imaging
    • Spectral Doppler Instruments
    • Spectral Doppler Graph
    • Spectral Waveform
    • Pulsed-Wave Doppler Imaging
    • Continuous-Wave Doppler Imaging
    • Comparison of Doppler Imaging Modes
  • Lesson: Ultrasound System Operation
    • System Controls: Depth
    • System Controls: Gain
    • Image Optimization
    • System Controls: Focal Zone
    • Spatial Resolution
    • Temporal Resolution
    • Focal Zones vs. Temporal Resolution
  • Lesson: Infection Control & Biosafety
    • Low-Level Transducer Disinfection
    • High-Level Transducer Disinfection
    • Sterilization
    • Ultrasound Bioeffects & Safety
    • Ultrasound Energy Output-Display Standards
    • Ultrasound Bioeffects & Safety
  • Lesson: Summary
    • Course Summary

Introduction to Ultrasound-Guided Procedures

Introduction to Ultrasound-Guided Procedures: Procedure Module

  • Lesson: Introduction
    • Disclosure to Learners
    • Disclaimer
    • Introduction to Ultrasound-Guided Procedures
    • Background
    • Advantages
    • Literature Review
    • Indications
    • Informed Consent
  • Lesson: Fundamental Requirements
    • Technical Requirements
    • Psychomotor Skill Development
    • Procedural Skill Delay
  • Lesson: General Considerations
    • Pre-Procedure Planning
    • Ergonomic Considerations
    • Infection Prevention Practices
    • Low-Level Transducer Disinfection
    • High-Level Transducer Disinfection
    • Acoustic Coupling Gel Selection
    • Sterilization & Infection Prevention
  • Lesson: Procedure Preparation
    • Transducer Selection
    • Transducer Types
    • Imaging Windows & Optimization
    • Imaging Recognition & Interpretation
    • Ultrasound Imaging Planes
    • Procedure Complexity
    • In-Plane vs. Out-of-Plane Visualization Techniques
    • Static vs. Dynamic Image Guidance
    • Single- vs. Dual-operator Approaches
    • Needle Selection & Guides
  • Lesson: Sonographic Technique
    • Image & Transducer Orientation
    • Survey Regional Anatomy
    • Transducer & Instrument Manipulation
    • Imaging Adjuncts
    • Image Artifacts
    • Pearls & Pitfalls
  • Lesson: Summary
    • Course Summary

Peripheral Venous Access

Peripheral Venous Access: Procedure Module

  • Lesson: Introduction
    • Disclosure to Learners
    • Disclaimer
    • Background
    • Advantages
    • Literature Review
    • Case Study
  • Lesson: Anatomy
    • Sonographic Venous Anatomy
    • Venous Valves
    • Vein Characteristics
    • Venous Flow: Spontaneous
    • Venous Flow: Respirophasic
    • Venous Flow: Valsalva Maneuver
    • Venous Flow: Unidirectional & Augmentable
    • Sonographic Anatomy: Soft Tissue
    • Sonographic Anatomy: Soft & Hard Tissue
    • Sonographic Anatomy: Muscle
    • Sonographic Anatomy: Tendon
  • Lesson: Procedure Preparation
    • Transducer Selection
    • Image Optimization
    • Aseptic Technique
    • Sterile Coupling Gel
    • Tourniquet
    • Angiocatheter Selection
    • Machine & Body Positioning
    • Local Anesthetic
  • Lesson: Procedure Steps
    • Image Orientation
    • Survey Scan
    • Vessel Localization: Mid-Arm to Mid-Forearm
    • Vessel Localization: Distal Forearm
    • Vessel Assessment: Compressibility
    • Vessel Assessment: Thrombus Detection
    • Vessel Assessment: Nerve Identification
    • Color & Power Doppler Imaging
    • Pulsed-Wave Doppler Imaging
    • Transducer Orientation
    • Imaging Approaches & Visualization Techniques
    • Short Axis: Out-of-Plane Approach
    • Long-Axis: In-Plane Approach
    • Going From Short to Long Axis After Vein Location
    • Long Axis: In-Plane Approach
    • How Far Back from the Probe does the Needle Enter the Skin?
  • Lesson: Technical Tips & Pitfalls
    • Pitfall: Excessive Transducer Pressure
    • Tip: Center Target Vessel
    • Pitfall: Venous Tenting
    • Pitfall: Vessel Backwalling
    • Tip: Needle Jiggling
    • Tip: Precise & Patient Needle Manipulation
    • Tip: Catheter Handling
    • Tip: Catheter Withdrawal Rescue Technique
    • Tip: Catheter Withdrawal & Flush Rescue Technique
    • Tip: Needle Localization
  • Lesson: Summary
    • Short Axis: Out-of-Plane Approach
    • Long Axis: In-Plane Approach
    • Antecubital and Forearm Veins
    • Forearm and Hand Veins
    • Antecubital Fossa Veins
    • Antecubital Vein Cannulation
    • Forearm Veins
    • Forearm Vein Cannulation
    • Upper Arm Veins
    • Case Study One
    • Case Study Two
    • Sites to Avoid
    • Complications and Management
    • Pitfall Summary
    • Conclusions

Arm-Arterial: Anatomy & Physiology Module

Arm-Arterial: Anatomy & Physiology

  • Lesson: Introduction
    • Disclosure to Learners
    • Upper-Extremity Arterial Ultrasound
    • Course Objectives
  • Lesson: Anatomy
    • Normal Vessel Anatomy
    • Arteries vs. Veins
    • Arterial Gross Anatomy: Upper Extremity
    • Arterial Anatomy: Arm
    • Arterial Anatomy: Forearm
    • Arterial Anatomy: Hand
    • Forearm Superficial Veins
    • Hand Superficial Veins
    • Venous Valves
  • Lesson: Arterial Physiology
    • Circulatory System
    • Blood Flow Dynamics
    • Role of Arteries
    • Regulators of Arterial Flow
  • Lesson: Sonographic Anatomy
    • Sonographic Anatomy
    • Sonographic Arterial Anatomy
    • Flow-Imaging Modes: Color & Power Doppler
    • Flow-Imaging Modes: Pulsed-Wave Doppler
    • Arterial Doppler Waveforms
  • Lesson: Sonographic Technique
    • Transducer Selection
    • Imaging Upper-Extremity Arteries
    • Doppler Arterial Imaging
    • Subclavian Artery Imaging
    • Axillary Artery Imaging
    • Imaging the Brachial Artery
    • Imaging Wrist Arteries
    • Imaging Hand Arteries
    • Imaging Digital Arteries
    • Pearls & Pitfalls
  • Lesson: Summary
    • Summary

Arm-Venous: Anatomy & Physiology Module

Arm-Venous: Anatomy & Physiology

  • Lesson: Introduction
    • Disclosure to Learners
    • Upper-Extremity Venous Ultrasound
    • Course Objectives
  • Lesson: Anatomy
    • Venous Gross Anatomy: Upper Extremity
    • Upper-Extremity Deep Veins
    • Arm Deep Veins
    • Forearm Deep Veins
    • Arm Superficial Veins: Cephalic Vein
    • Arm Superficial Veins: Basilic Vein
    • Forearm Superficial Veins
    • Hand Superficial Veins
    • Venous Valves
  • Lesson: Venous Physiology
    • Roles of Veins
    • Determinants of Venous Flow
    • Venous Capacitance
    • Muscle & Respiratory Pumps
  • Lesson: Sonographic Anatomy
    • Sonographic Venous Anatomy
    • Venous Valves
    • Vein Characteristics
    • Venous Flow: Spontaneous
    • Venous Flow: Respirophasic
    • Venous Flow: Valsalva Maneuver
    • Venous Flow: Unidirectional and Augmentable
  • Lesson: Sonographic Technique
    • Transducer Selection
    • Imaging Technique
    • Short-Axis View Imaging
    • Long-Axis View Imaging
    • Imaging Digital Veins
    • Imaging Hand Veins
    • Imaging Forearm Veins
    • Imaging Arm Veins
    • Imaging Axillary & Subclavian Veins
    • Color Doppler & Power Doppler Imaging
    • Pulsed-Wave Doppler Imaging
    • Pearls & Pitfalls
  • Lesson: Summary
    • Course Summary

Soft Tissue: Anatomy & Physiology Module

Soft-Tissue: Anatomy & Physiology

  • Lesson: Introduction
    • Disclosure to Learners
    • Soft Tissue Ultrasound
    • Course Introduction
    • Course Objectives
  • Lesson: Anatomy & Physiology
    • Soft-Tissue Anatomy
    • Histophysiology: Integument
    • Histophysiology: Connective Tissue
    • Skeletal Muscle
    • Tendons & Aponeuroses
    • Ligaments
    • Fascia
    • Arteries & Veins
    • Nerves
  • Lesson: Sonographic Anatomy
    • Soft Tissue
    • Fascia
    • Muscle (Short Axis)
    • Muscle (Long Axis)
    • Tendons
    • Dynamic Tendon Imaging
    • Tendon (Short Axis)
    • Nerves
    • Arteries & Veins
    • Bone
  • Lesson: Sonographic Technique
    • Imaging Conventions
    • Orthogonal Scanning Plane
    • Waterbath & Standoff Pad
    • Color Flow Imaging
    • Pulsed-Wave Doppler
    • Pearls & Pitfalls: Anisotropic Artifact
  • Lesson: Summary
    • Course Summary

Bladder: Anatomy & Physiology Module

Bladder: Anatomy & Physiology

  • Lesson: Introduction
    • Disclosure to Learners
    • Bladder Ultrasound
  • Lesson: Anatomy
    • Anatomy of the Urinary Bladder
    • Sagittal Male Anatomy
    • Sagittal Female Anatomy
    • Axial CT Image: Male (Superior Bladder)
    • Axial CT Image: Male (Mid-Bladder)
    • Axial CT Image: Male (Inferior Bladder)
    • Axial CT Image: Female (Superior Bladder)
    • Axial CT Image: Female (Mid-Bladder)
    • Axial CT Image: Female (Inferior Bladder)
    • Coronal CT Image: Male (Anterior Bladder)
    • Coronal CT Image: Male (Mid-Bladder)
    • Coronal CT Image: Male (Posterior Bladder)
    • Coronal CT Image: Female (Anterior Bladder)
    • Coronal CT Image: Female (Mid-Bladder)
    • Coronal CT Image: Female (Posterior Bladder)
    • Sagittal CT Image: Male (Midline Bladder)
    • Sagittal CT Image: Female (Midline Bladder)
  • Lesson: Bladder Physiology
    • Storage and Release
    • Compliance
    • Micturition
  • Lesson: Sonographic Anatomy
    • Sonographic Appearance: Bladder
  • Lesson: Sonographic Technique
    • Transducer Selection
    • Image Artifacts
    • Posterior Acoustic Enhancement
    • Reverberation Artifact
    • Bladder Sonography
    • Transverse View
    • Case Study One: Transverse View (Male Pelvis)
    • Case Study One: Sagittal View (Male Pelvis)
    • Case Study Two: Transverse View (Female Pelvis)
    • Case Study Two: Sagittal View (Female Pelvis)
    • Case Study Three: Sagittal View (Female Pelvis)
    • Case Study Three: Sagittal View (Empty Bladder)
  • Lesson: Bladder Volume Measurement
    • Urinary Retention
    • Bladder Volume Measurement
    • Case Study Four: Bladder Volume Measurement
    • Case Study Four: Post-Void Residual Volume Measurement
  • Lesson: Summary
    • Pearls and Pitfalls
    • Summary

Bladder: Core Clinical Module

Bladder: Core Clinical Module

  • Lesson: Introduction
    • Disclosure to Learners
    • Urinary Bladder Ultrasound
  • Lesson: Pathophysiology
    • Urinary Bladder Musculature
    • Storage and Expulsion
    • Bladder Compliance
    • Micturation
  • Lesson: Normal Bladder Sonography
    • Normal Bladder Sonography
    • Resolution and Penetration
    • Standard Bladder Views
    • Transverse View
    • Transverse View: Male Pelvis
    • Transverse View: Female Pelvis
    • Sagittal View: Female Anatomy
    • Transverse then Sagittal Male Pelvis
    • Sagittal Female Anatomy
    • Transabdominal Sagittal View
    • Sagittal View of Female Pelvis
  • Lesson: Imaging Artifacts
    • Artifacts Low-Attenuation
    • Artifacts Reverberation
    • Suprapubic Window
  • Lesson: Case Pathologies
    • Abnormal Findings: Bladder Sonography
    • Bladder Masses
    • Sonographic Appearance of Bladder Mass
    • Bladder Mass
    • Pelvic Mass: Hematoma Superior (Cephalad) to Bladder
    • Sonographic Features of Cystitis
    • Pediatric Cystitis
    • Pyogenic Debris and Calculi
    • Bladder Calculus (Stone)
    • Bladder Hematoma and Foley Catheter
    • Organized Bladder Hematoma
    • Urinary Retention
    • Bladder Diverticulum
    • Bladder Rupture
    • Intraperitoneal Bladder Rupture
    • Extraperitoneal Bladder Rupture
    • Partial Ureteral Obstruction
    • Bladder Jets
    • Female Pelvis (Sagittal View): Bladder Jet
    • Greyscale Bladder Jet
  • Lesson: Bladder Volume Measurement
    • Bladder Volume Measurement
    • Post-Void Residual Volume
    • Step-By-Step Guide: Bladder Volume Measurement
  • Lesson: Foley Catheter Placement
    • Confirmation of Foley Catheter Placement
    • Suprapubic Bladder Aspiration
  • Lesson: Ultrasound-Guided Suprapubic Catheterization
    • Procedural Steps
    • Needle Localization
    • Needle Positioning
    • Monitor Visualization
    • Suprapubic Bladder Catheterization: Short-Axis View
    • Suprapubic Bladder Catheterization
  • Lesson: Summary
    • Course Summary

Heart: Anatomy and Physiology Module

Heart: Anatomy & Physiology

  • Lesson: Introduction
    • Disclosure to Learners
    • Cardiac Ultrasound
    • Course Objectives
  • Lesson: Anatomy
    • Heart Gross Anatomy
    • Imaging Planes & Anatomic Relationships
    • Inner Anatomy
    • The Right Heart
    • The Left Heart
    • Valvular Anatomy
    • Coronary Circulation
  • Lesson: Heart Physiology
    • Histophysiology
    • Intrinsic Conduction System
    • Cardiac Systole
    • Cardiac Diastole
    • Left Heart vs. Right Heart
  • Lesson: Sonographic Anatomy
    • Sonographic Characteristics
    • Standard Imaging Convention
    • Anatomic Imaging Planes
    • Parasternal Long-Axis View
    • Apical Four-Chamber View
    • Subcostal Four-Chamber View
  • Lesson: Sonographic Technique
    • Imaging Windows
    • Transducer Selection & Settings
    • Parasternal Window
    • Parasternal Long-Axis View
    • Parasternal Long-Axis View: Summary
    • Parasternal Short-Axis View
    • Parasternal Short-Axis View: Mid Ventricle
    • Parasternal Short-Axis View: Base of Heart
    • Apical Window
    • Apical Four-Chamber View
    • Apical Five-Chamber View
    • Apical Four-Chamber View: Summary
    • Subcostal Window
    • Subcostal Four-Chamber View
    • Subcostal Four-Chamber View: Summary
    • Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction Estimation
    • Ventricular Wall Motion
    • Color Doppler Imaging
    • Motion-Mode Ultrasound
    • Pearls & Pitfalls
  • Lesson: Summary
    • Summary

Cardiology: Core Clinical Module

Cardiology: Core Clinical Module

  • Lesson: Introduction
    • Disclosure to Learners
    • Point-of-Care Echocardiography: Fundamental Principles
    • Anatomic Imaging Planes
    • Transducer Selection
    • Transducer Movement Definitions
    • Standard Echocardiography Imaging Windows and Views
    • Imaging Windows
  • Lesson: Imaging Conventions
    • Echocardiography Convention & Point-of-Care Imaging Techniques
    • Echocardiographic Convention & Alternative Techniques
    • Echocardiography Convention
    • Technique Comparison
  • Lesson: Parasternal Long-Axis View
    • Parasternal Window
    • Parasternal Long-Axis View
    • Parasternal Long-Axis View: Summary
  • Lesson: Parasternal Short-Axis View: Mid-Ventricle
    • Parasternal Short-Axis View: Mid-Ventricle
    • Parasternal Short-Axis View: Mid-Ventricle Summary
  • Lesson: Parasternal Short-Axis View: Base
    • Parasternal Short-Axis View: Base of Heart
    • Parasternal Short-Axis View: Base of Heart Summary
  • Lesson: Apical Four-Chamber View
    • Apical Window
    • Apical Four-Chamber View
  • Lesson: Subcostal Four-Chamber View
    • Subcostal Window
    • Subcostal Four-Chamber View
    • Echocardiography Image-Acquisition Summary
  • Lesson: IVC Evaluation and CVP
    • Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) Assessment
    • Assessment of Inferior Vena Cava
    • Inferior Vena Cava & Right Atrial Pressure Assessment
    • IVC Assessment: Normal Right Atrial Pressures
    • IVC Assessment: Mildly Elevated Right Atrial Pressures
    • IVC Assessment: Markedly Elevated Right Atrial Pressures
    • IVC Assessment and Clinical Decision-Making
  • Lesson: Case Studies
    • Case Study One: Pleuritic Chest Pain and Hypotension
    • Right Ventricular Overload
    • Diagnosis: Acute Pulmonary Embolism
    • Case Study Two: Dyspneic Elderly Male
    • Pericardial Effusion Assessment
    • Diagnosis: Cardiac Tamponade
    • Case Study Three: Syncope and Hypotension
    • Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction Estimation
    • Case Study Four: Chest Pain and Peripheral Edema
    • Case Study Five: Weakness
    • Case Study Six: Post-Dialysis Weakness & Dizziness
    • Pericardial Effusion Assessment
    • Case Study Seven: Patient Referred for Abnormal X-Ray
    • Pericardial Effusion vs. Pleural Effusion
    • Case Study Eight: Incidental Finding or Not?
    • Pericardial Effusion vs. Epicardial Fat Pad
  • Lesson: Summary
    • The Utility of Echocardiography

Lung: Anatomy and Physiology Module

Lungs: Anatomy & Physiology

  • Lesson: Introduction
    • Disclosure to Learners
    • Lung Ultrasound
    • Course Objectives
  • Lesson: Anatomy
    • Thoracic Cavity
    • Pleural Cavity
    • Normal Lung Anatomy
    • Lung Anatomy: Airway
    • Thoracic Anatomy: Muscles
    • Cross-Sectional Anatomy: Superior Upper Chest
    • Cross-Sectional Anatomy: Mid-Upper Chest
    • Cross-Sectional Anatomy: Inferior Upper Chest
    • Cross-Sectional Anatomy: Superior Mid-Chest
    • Cross-Sectional Anatomy: Mid-Chest
    • Cross-Sectional Anatomy: Superior Lower-Chest
    • Cross-Sectional Anatomy: Mid Lower-Chest
    • Cross-Sectional Anatomy: Inferior Lower-Chest
    • Cross-Sectional Anatomy: Coronal View
    • Cross-Sectional Anatomy: Right Lung Sagittal
    • Cross-Sectional Anatomy: Left Lung Sagittal
  • Lung Physiology
    • Gas Exchange
    • Respiratory Mechanics
    • Pulmonary & Systemic Blood Flow
    • Lung Parenchymal Blood Flow
  • Lesson: Sonographic Anatomy
    • Sonographic Characteristics
    • Sonographic Lung Anatomy
    • Hemidiaphragms
    • Lung Sonography Signs & Artifacts
    • Lung Sliding
    • Sliding-Lung Sign
    • Lung Pulse vs. Lung Sliding
    • A-Line Artifact
    • B-Line Artifact
    • Normal Lung Pattern
  • Lesson: Sonographic Technique
    • Transducer Selection
    • Image Filter Settings
    • Lung Ultrasound: Transducer Positioning
    • Lung Ultrasound Examination
    • M-Mode
    • Color and Power Doppler
    • Pearls & Pitfalls
  • Lesson: Summary
    • Course Summary

Pulmonary: Core Clinical Module

Pulmonary: Core Clinical Module

  • Lesson: Introduction
    • Disclosure to Learners
    • Pulmonary Ultrasonography
    • Lung Ultrasound Findings
    • Transducer Selection
    • Image Filter Presets
  • Lesson: Lung Evaluation
    • Lung Ultrasound Examination
    • Lung Examination: Transducer Positioning
    • Lung Sonography Signs and Artifacts
    • Normal Lung Pattern
  • Lesson: Pneumothorax Rule-Out
    • Pneumothorax Evaluation
    • “Ruling Out” Pneumothorax
    • The “Sliding-Lung” Sign
    • Sliding-Lung Sign Transducer Placement
    • Sliding-Lung Sign
    • Literature Review
  • Lesson: Imaging Adjuncts
    • Role of Color and Power Doppler Signal
    • Role of M-Mode Imaging
    • M-Mode Image Interpretation
    • Case Study One: Right Lung
    • A-Line Artifact
    • Case Study One: Left Lung
    • Case Study Two: Post-Intubation Hypoxemia
  • Lesson: Imaging Artifacts
    • B-Line Artifacts
    • Lung Pulse
  • Lesson: Pneumothorax Rule-In
    • Lung Pulse vs. Lung Sliding
    • “Ruling-In” Pneumothorax
    • The Lung Point
    • Lung Point Identification
    • Case Study Three: Pleuritic Chest Pain
    • False-Lung Point
    • Literature Review
  • Lesson: Pleural Effusion
    • Pleural Effusion
    • Pleural Effusion Scanning
    • Case Study Four: Thoracentesis
    • Case Study Five: Pleural Effusion Size Assessment
  • Lesson: Alveolar Interstitial Syndrome
    • Alveolar Interstitial Syndrome
    • Alveolar Interstitial Syndrome: Sonographic Features
    • Alveolar Interstitial Syndrome: Clinical Conditions
    • Case Study Six: COPD Exacerbation
    • Case Study Seven: Post-Dialysis Dyspnea
  • Lesson: Lung Consolidation
    • Lung Consolidation
    • Lung Consolidation Sonographic Features
    • Imaging Technique
    • Dynamic Air Bronchograms
    • Lung Hepatization and Air Bronchograms
    • Case Study Eight: Pneumonia
    • Case Study Nine: Pediatric Pneumonia
    • Pulmonary Embolism: Role of Sonography
  • Lesson: Summary
    • Summary